Indonesia seeks re-election to the membership of the IMO Council under Category “C” for the period of 2020-2021, at the election to be held during the 31st Assembly of the IMO in London in November 2019. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia would highly appreciate the support of IMO member states toward its candidature.

Indonesia will continue to support IMO in implementing its Strategic Plan that enables IMO to uphold its leadership optimally in ensuring the balance between the needs for economic development, facilitation of international trade, safety, security and environment protection of international shipping. Indonesia believes that applying a balanced approach will be a notable contributing factor for global sustainable economic growth.

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia would like to convey its gratitude and appreciation for the support of member States during Indonesia’s membership in the council for 2018-2019. It will be an honour for Indonesia to serve again in the Council for the next biennium term to continue its active participation and strong commitment in the deliberation of organisational reform of IMO, human resources development, marine safety and security and environment protection policy.

Joko Widodo IMO London

Indonesia is strategically situated in the highly eminent position in global shipping. Indonesia has a vital bridging role in connecting global shipping traffic with four maritime SLOC’s within its territory. As a nation with more than 16.000 islands, 108.000 km of coastal length and territorial sea of 290.000 km2, shipping sector contributes significantly to improve people’s welfare across the country.

As a member of IMO since 1961 and its council from 1973 to 1979 and from 1983 to 2019, Indonesia’s dedication and commitment in realising the IMO’s main purposes have been well recognised through the application of IMO instruments of maritime safety and security, efficiency of navigation and prevention as well as control on marine pollution.

(President Joko Widodo explained that in the past four years steps have been taken in enhancing connectivity via ocean toll ways, strengthening Indonesia’s maritime fleets, developing of 477 Indonesia ports, reducing pollution by commiting to reduce plastic pollution in the ocean by 70% by 2025, creating 20 millions hectares of water conservation zones in 2018, and at international level actively involving and contributing itself in a number of international maritime groups, including the IMO)


Indonesia as a Global Maritime Fulcrum

As the largest archipelagic state, Indonesia envisions itself as a Global Maritime Fulcrum (GMF). Maritime connectivity development remains a long-term priority. In that regard, Indonesia has established national policy for an advanced logistic distribution through maritime transportation in order to reduce price disparity and to stimulate more economic activities with the aim to create a more evenly distributed wealth across the nation.

At international level, Indonesia has been actively contributing to the international marine community. Among others, Indonesia played a key role in the establishment of Archipelagic and Island States (AIS) Forum as well as the host of the 5th Our Ocean Conference in 2018

As part of the littoral states of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore, Indonesia has been collaborating with Singapore and Malaysia to improve the safety of navigation as well as the environmental protection of these Straits of international importance to ensure smooth traffic of more than 100,000 vessels passing through and crossing the straits per annum.


Ports and Terminals


Registered Vessels


GT of tonnages

Glofouling Partnerships Project 2019
Glofouling Partnerships Project 2019
Indonesia is committed to produce highly-skilled and professional seafarers through various maritime schools across the country by continuous improvement of training equipment and facilities.

There are approximately 1 million Indonesian seafarers working in international and national shipping companies. To ensure quality and competence of Indonesian seafarers, the MLC 2006 is in force and Indonesia with 86 IMO member states has signed MOU on recognition of certificates under the Regulation 1/10 of STCW Convention as amended.

Strengthening the Capacity of Human Resources

Within the framework of South-South cooperation, Indonesia will invite candidates from member countries of the continent, to participate in training/workshop, starting from this year. A specially-tailored workshop on safety of navigation: Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) and GMDSS, and workshop marine safety: the function of Flag State Inspection and Port State Control which aim to reach compliance with IMO instruments will be organized.

Human Element: STCW 1978 and STCW-F 1995

Indonesia recently (2019) become party to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel, 1995 (STCW-F).

By acceding to this Convention with Presidential Regulation Number 18 Year 2019, Indonesia is obliged to meet the standards in accordance with STCW-F by improving the quality of education and training provided to personnel employed in fishing vessels; and enhancing the standard of training and safety in the fishing industry and fishing vessel fleets.

Human Element #1 Human Element #2 Human Element #3 Human Element #4 Human Element #5
Traffic Separation
Traffic Separation Lombok Strait
Traffic Separation Sunda Strait
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Indonesia and International Maritime Organization

As a member of IMO since 1961 and its council from 1973 to 1979 and from 1983 to 2019, Indonesia’s dedication and commitment in realising the IMO’s main purposes have been well recognised through the application of IMO instruments of maritime safety and security, efficiency of navigation and prevention as well as control on marine pollution.

Indonesia has been supporting the improvement of IMO in playing its role as global regulator of shipping and promoting the advancement of shipping to facilitate world trade that can contribute positively to global sustainable economic growth. Indonesia’s strategic role in the global maritime shipping activities makes a comprehensive collaboration with IMO utmost vital.

President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo at IMO Headquarter 2016
President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo at IMO Headquarter 2016
Minister of Transportation and IMO Secretary General Agree to Increase Cooperation in Shipping
Minister of Transportation and IMO Secretary General Agree to Increase Cooperation in Shipping
Director General for Sea Transportation with IMO Secretary General
Director General for Sea Transportation with IMO Secretary General


Indonesia is of the view that the IMO reform should pave the way to strengthen working practices and to improve the role and functions of the Council.

As a dedicated member of the Council, Indonesia will continue to work actively and closely with other members to ensure that the reform would be transparent, inclusive, and innovative and to ensure that IMO will achieve the objectives as stated in its Strategic Pl

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Promoting Sustainable Shipping, Safety of Navigation and Environmental Protection

Through its membership in the Council, Indonesia will continue to partner with other members in promoting sustainable shipping by reducing air pollution and its impact on climate change from Shipping by, among others but not limited to, operating eco-park, modernizing vessel fleets and improving environment monitoring of shipping lines in reference to Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) and Energy Efficiency Operational Index (EEOI) for Indonesian flagged vessels.

In front of clean oceans, Indonesia continues to collaborate with IMO and its member States in ensuring clean oceans to support sustainable shipping policy.

At the launch of the United Nations Global Campaign on Clean Seas by the United Nations Environment Programme on 23 February 2017 in Bali, Indonesia launched a campaign on Clean Seas along with its National Plan of Action with a goal of reducing 70% of its plastic debris from 2017 until 2025.

Indonesia is grateful for the invaluable support of the IMO and its member states for the enthusiasm and support with regards to the submission of proposal of Traffic Separation Scheme which has been approved in the 6th Session of IMO NCSR in January 2019.

Moreover, Indonesia continues its partnership with other IMO Member States to promote the establishment of a comprehensive global legal framework to combat pollution at sea. Indonesia intends to ratify the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation OPRC 90 Convention this year.

In addition, Indonesia is committed to continuously collaborate with the IMO, in implementing the Ballast Water Management System Convention 2004 and Anti Fouling Systems Convention, by actively involved in IMO major projects such as Marine Environment Protection of the South East Asian Seas (MEPSEAS) from 2018-2021 under the IMO-Norad Cooperation Programme and GEF-UNDP-IMO Glofouling Partnerships Project from 2019- 2020 where Indonesia takes part as one of Lead Partnering Countries (LPCs).

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Traffic Separation Scheme in Sunda and Lombok Straits

Indonesia, as an archipelagic State, has the right to designate Archipelagic Sea Lane in its waters in accordance with Article 53 of UNCLOS. In that conjunction, Indonesia designate 3 Archipelagic Sea Lane at the 69th IMO MSC Meeting in 1998, which was later adopted by IMO with Resolution MSC.72(69).

The Sub-Committee of the 6th Navigation Communication and Search and Rescue (NCSR) has approved two proposals from Indonesia regarding establishment of new Traffic Separation Scheme (TSS) in the Sunda and Lombok Straits which subsequently be adopted at the 101st IMO Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) in June 2019.

Sunda Strait lies between Java Island and Sumatra Island. This Strait connects the Indian Ocean and the Java Sea. Sunda Strait is one of the most important straits in Indonesia which lies a ship traffic lane categorized as IASL I from southbound to northbound of Sunda Strait while there is a high-density crossing lane from Java Island and Sumatra Island that mainly passenger’s vessels utilize. Meanwhile, Lombok Strait that located in IASL II and is circled by tourism destination is also the busiest one.

TSS in Sunda and Lombok Straits and determination of precautionary is also intended to provide sufficient information of traffic in the areas. It also to ensure that ships follow routes absolutely free from the known dangers posed by the coral reef atolls and reduce the risk of collision between ships and the risk of accidental ship grounding.

Consequently, after its adoption, Indonesia is obliged to implement safety measures in the operation of the two TSS, that will include the construction of the supporting facilities and infrastructures in TSS areas such as Vessel Traffic System (VTS), Coast Radio Stations (SROP), Navigational Aid (SBNP), and the latest electronic maps, as well as to ensure the operation of these devices are well-managed for 24/7.

Clean Ocean
Indonesia prioritizes cooperation with all IMO member states to strengthen the safety and security of international shipping. Indonesia is a party to all IMO mandatory instruments. There are 26 IMO Instruments to which Indonesia is a party and recent ratification of SOLAS.

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Protocol 88 and Load Lines Protocol 88 in 2017 complements the responsibility to fully implement SOLAS Convention 74/78 and Load Lines Convention in Indonesia. In addition, to certify prompt and effective removal of vessel’s wreck located beyond its territorial sea, this year Indonesia intends to ratify the Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks, 2007.

Indonesian Maritime Authority continues to enhance and strengthen the security of Indonesian maritime and shipping industry in accordance with the ISPS Code.

To enhance its role in communications and keeping the safety of navigation, Indonesia has established National Data Centre (NDC) to fulfil the requirements for maritime information in sharing mechanism, based on the guidance on the implementation of the Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) system that has been audited by IMSO in 2012, 2017, and further in 2019 to facilitate enhancement information sharing through International Data Exchange (IDE).

Moreover, Indonesia also plays significant roles in the International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO). Indonesia was re-elected as member of IMSO’s advisory Committee for 2018-2020 during the 25th IMSO Assembly Meeting in 2018.

Indonesia has successfully enhanced and modernized its navigation equipment facilities such as GMDSS, VTS, Aids to Navigation as well as designated ship routeing systems on important and critical area in Indonesian waters in order to ensure safety of navigation, maritime security and marine environmental protection as stipulated in the IMO Regulations.

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Regional and Bilateral Maritime Cooperation

Over the recent years, Indonesia is actively involved in the constructive work in regional and bilateral cooperation with IMO Member States on promoting regional maritime connectivity, safety and security of shipping, marine environment protection and pollution response, which include:

  1. Maritime Transport Working Group’s (MTWGs).
  2. Brunei Darussalam-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines – East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) and Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand-Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) Sea Linkages.
  3. Tripartite Technical Experts Group (TTEG) in 1977 with Malaysia and Singapore, in accordance with Articles 34 and 43 of the UNCLOS 1982.
  4. Cooperative Forum (CF), Project Coordination Committee (PCC) and
  5. Aids to Navigation Fund (ANF) under the Cooperative Mechanism (CM) in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore.
  6. The Revolving Fund Committee (RFC) that established in 1981 in discussing issues related to oil spills and updating the Standard Operating Procedure for Joint Oil Spill Combat in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore.
  7. Partnered with the Philippines and Malaysia in the Sulu-Sulawesi Oil Spill Response Network and having biennial MARPOLEX exercise with Japan.
  8. In 2018, Indonesia and Australia have signed MOU on Transboundary Marine Pollution Preparedness and Response.

On strengthening regional maritime competencies and promotion of maritime development, Indonesia has worked closely with the IMO Technical Cooperation Division and Regional Presence for Technical Cooperation for East Asia at the delivery of Technical Cooperation Programme (ITCP). Indonesia is committed to contribute in the preparation and planned activities for the 2020-2021 biennium ITCP

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