Indonesia Cultural

Facts

Culturally, Indonesia fascinates with her rich diversity of ancient temples, music, ranging from the traditional to modern pop, dances, rituals and ways of life, changing from island to island, from region to region. Yet everywhere the visitor feels welcomed with that warm, gracious innate friendliness of the Indonesian people that is not easily forgotten.

The Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world comprising 13,466 large and small tropical islands fringed with white sandy beaches, many still uninhabited and a number even still unnamed. Straddling the equator, situated between the continents of Asia and Australia and between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans, it is as wide as the United States from San Francisco to New York, equaling the distance between London and Moscow. Indonesia has a total population of more than 215 million people from more than 200 ethnic groups. The national language is Bahasa Indonesia.

Among the most well known islands are Sumatra, Java, Bali, Kalimantan (formerly Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly Celebes), the Maluku Islands (or better known as Moluccas, the original Spice Islands) and Papua. Then, there is Bali “the world's best island resort” with its enchanting culture, beaches, dynamic dances and music. But Indonesia still has many unexplored islands with grand mountain views, green rainforests to trek through, rolling waves to surf and deep blue pristine seas to dive in where one can swim with dugongs, dolphins and large mantarays.

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Because of her location, and geology, Indonesia is blessed with the most diverse landscape, from fertile ricelands on Java and Bali to the luxuriant rainforests of Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi, to the savannah grasslands of the Nusatenggara islands to snow-capped peaks of West Papua.

Her wildlife ranges from the prehistoric giant Komodo lizard to the Orang Utan and the Java rhino, to the Sulawesi anoa dwarf buffalos, to birds with exquisite plumage like the cockatoo and the bird of paradise. This is also the habitat of the Rafflesia the world’s largest flower, wild orchids, an amazing variety of spices, and aromatic hardwood and a large variety of fruit trees. Underwater, scientists have found in North Sulawesi the prehistoric coelacanth fish, a “living fossil” fish, predating the dinosaurs living some 400 million years ago, while whales migrate yearly through these waters from the South Pole. Here are hundreds of species of colourful coral and tropical fish to admire.

Culturally, Indonesia fascinates with her rich diversity of ancient temples, music, ranging from the traditional to modern pop, dances, rituals and ways of life, changing from island to island, from region to region. Yet everywhere the visitor feels welcomed with that warm, gracious innate friendliness of the Indonesian people that is not easily forgotten.

Facilities-wise Indonesia’s hotels are second to none. In fact, many of our luxurious and unique hotels have constantly been listed as some of the best in the world, located on white sandy beaches, overlooking green river valleys, or situated in the heart of busy capital Jakarta. While Indonesia’s cities like Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, or Makassar are a hive of activities for business and leisure and a paradise for shoppers, offering upscale boutiques selling top brand names, to local goods at road-side stalls. Here gourmets can treat themselves to the many regions’ delectable spicy cuisine or dine sumptuously at international restaurants. And for sheer relaxation, Indonesia Spas are second to none to reinvigorate both body and mind.

Convention centers are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, as many top international conferences and exhibitions are held in Jakarta, Bali to Manado, ranging from the Global Climate Change Conference in Bali to the World Ocean Conference in Manado , to trade and investment exhibitions and tourism trade shows in many provincial capital cities.

Jakarta, Bali, Medan, Padang, Bandung, Solo, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Makassar are connected by direct international flights, and many regular and low cost carriers fly passengers to Indonesia’s towns or remote locations.

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Facts

Destinations

Culturally, Indonesia fascinates with her rich diversity of ancient temples, music, ranging from the traditional to modern pop, dances, rituals and ways of life, changing from island to island, from region to region. Yet everywhere the visitor feels welcomed with that warm, gracious innate friendliness of the Indonesian people that is not easily forgotten.

Bali

Bali is one of the world’s most popular island destinations and one which consistently wins travel awards. The varied landscape, rugged coastlines, tropical beaches, lush rice terraces and volcanic hillsides all provide a picturesque backdrop to its colorful, deeply spiritual and unique Hindu culture. The combination of friendly people, a magnificently visual culture infused with spirituality and spectacular beaches with great surfing and diving have made Bali the most popular tourist destination in Indonesia.

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta is a bustling town of some 500,000 people and the most popular tourist destination on Java, due to its proximity to the famous temples of Borobudur and Prambanan. The city itself is a center of art and education, offers some good shopping and has a wide range of tourist facilities. Yogyakarta lies in one of the most seismically active parts of Java and has thus repeatedly been struck by earthquakes and volcano eruptions. In 2006 an earthquake flattened over 300,000 houses while in 2010 the nearby volcano of Mount Merapi erupted, spewing lava over nearby villages.

Komodo National Park

Encompassing both Rinca Island, Komodo Island and a number of smaller islets, the Komodo National Park is world famous as the habitat of the Komodo Dragons, giant carnivorous monitor lizards that can reach up to 3 meters (10 feet) in length. The reptiles roam freely over the islands, and visitors rely on experienced tour guides for sightings and to keep them safe. Komodo National Park is also famous as a world-class scuba diving destination.

Lombok

Lombok is often compared to its closest neighbor: Bali. The island has the same kind of beautiful beaches and volcanic scenery as Bali, with less commercialism and fewer crowds making it one of the best places to visit in Indonesia. The island’s northern area is dominated by the enormous volcano of Gunung Rinjani, and trekking at least part of the way up is the reason many tourists visit Lombok. The three Gili Islands, just off the northwest coast are the most popular beach destination.

Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park

The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is best known for its awesome scenery of a vast, ancient volcanic crater and a host of picturesque volcanoes that have emerged from it. The park is named after two mountains, Mount Semeru, Mount Bromo and the Tengger people who inhabit the area. Semeru is the highest mountain in Java as well as one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes. The smouldering cone of Bromo stands in a sea of volcanic sand, surrounded by the towering cliffs of the crater’s edge.

Bukit Lawang

Bukit Lawang is a small village situated at the eastern side of Gunung Leuser National Park about 90 kilometers northwest of Medan, the capital city of North Sumatra. A rehabilitation center for orangutans was founded here in 1973. The main purpose is to preserve the decreasing number of orangutan population due to hunting and deforestation. With a wonderful selection of treks into the heart of the jungle, whitewater adventures and some of the best opportunities to see wild orangutan in the world, Bukit Lawang is a destination worth visiting.

Torajaland

Torajaland (Tana Toraja) is a highland region of South Sulawesi, home of the Toraja people. Torajans are famous for their massive peaked-roof houses known as tongkonan and spectacular but gruesome funeral rites. After a person’s death, the body is kept – often for several years – until the actual funeral ceremony, which can last for several days. The deceased is then finally buried in a small cave or in a hollow tree. The biggest funerals are usually held in the dry-season months of July and August, but there are funerals year-round.

Flores Island

Lying to the east of Sumbawa and to the west of Lembata in Nusa Tenggara, the long island of Flores offers an array of natural and cultural sights. The most famous attraction in Flores is the Kelimutu volcano caldera, which has three lakes fed by volcanic gas that change color according to the amount of oxidation in the water. Flores also has a growing eco-tourism industry, where travelers can visit traditional villages, stay with local families and join in activities such as bird watching and trekking.

Tanjung Puting National Park

The Tanjung Puting National Park is located on the island of Borneo in the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan. The park is a popular ecotourism destination, with many local tour companies offering multi-day boat tours to view wildlife and visit the research centers. Wildlife include gibbons, macaques, clouded leopards, sun bears, pythons, crocodiles and – most famously – orangutans. Unfortunately illegal logging and forest clearing for agricultural uses are a major threat to the park.

Raja Ampat Islands

Located off the northwest tip of the island of New Guinea, Raja Ampat (the Four Kings) is a fast archipelago comprising over 1,500 small islands and cays. Marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity around the Raja Ampat islands is the highest recorded on Earth making it one of the most famous dive destinations in the world. The staggering abundance of marine life is due in part to its incredibly low human population density.

Destinations

Indonesia Beaches

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. It has "the world's best island resort" with its enchanting culture, beaches, dynamic dances and music. But still has many unexplored islands with grand mountain views, green rainforests to trek through, rolling waves to surf and deep blue pristine seas to dive in where one can swim with dugongs, dolphins and large mantarays.

Pink Beach, Komodo Island
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Pink Beach

Komodo Island

Komodo Island is famous for its original animal named the same. Deliberately given a name like that because komodo dragons including ancient animals that are still left to date and only exist in East Nusa Tenggara. Not only the dragons are there, but also Pink Beach that will make you fascinated with crystal clear sea water and pink sand along the beach.

The sand can be pink because the color comes from the fragments of corals and other biota that drifted into the mainland and mixed with the sand beach. Besides enjoying the beauty of Pink Beach, you can also snorkel or diving.

Nihiwatu Beach, Sumba
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Nihiwatu Beach

Sumba

Nihiwatu Beach is ranked 17th in CNN World's 100 Best Beaches In The World. You see, this beach has white sand, sea water is super clear, and the most attract the attention of tourists is the sunset scenery is super beautiful. Some of the activities you can do here include diving , surfing, enjoying the sunset, or joining locals to catch the octopus and crabs. To go to Sumba, usually tourists transit first in Bali, then take a small plane again for two hours to get to Sumba.

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Derawan Beach

East Kalimantan

Derawan Beach, East Kalimantan came in at No. 63 on CNN World's 100 Best Beaches In The World. You see, the beach is very clean and almost no garbage. Sand beaches are also white, soft, and the water is very clear. You can enjoy the beauty of Derawan Beach while diving or snorkeling . In addition, you can also swim with hordes of turtles, stingrays, and jellyfish.

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Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno, and Gili Air

Lombok

Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno, and Gili Air are the three beaches in Lombok which are very popular among tourists due to its exoticism. Among the three beaches, Gili Trawangan is the largest beach. The most popular activity in Gili Trawangan is scuba diving. Tourists can also snorkel on the beaches to the northeast, play kayaking, surfing, and play with turtles. There is also a riding learning facility while circling the island. In fact, this beach is the most beautiful and the most clear sea water, you know! You can walk quietly around Gili Meno because there is no motor vehicle at all. The quality of cleanliness of the air certainly no doubt.

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Pantai Ora

Central Maluku

It could be said that Ora Beach is a hidden paradise in Central Maluku. The beauty of Ora Beach is similar to Boracay Beach in the Philippines or Bora-Bora Beach in the Pacific Ocean. Enchantment Ora Beach is a super clear sea water, so you can enjoy the beauty of the coral and underwater world of the boat. At nightfall, you can enjoy the beautiful stars in the sky from the dock.

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Sawarna Beach

Banten

Sawarna beach offers scenic beauty of rows of coconut trees and seawater of the clear Indian Ocean. Sawarna beach is located in Sawarna, Banten and has white sand which is in contrast to the sky and blue sea. The waves on this beach is perfect for surfing. The waves at Sawarna Beach have been sampled by surfers from America, Australia, Japan and Korea.

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Belitung Island

Bangka Belitung

The beauty of Belitung Island has been exposed since the film Laskar Pelangi. Although the island is famous for white pepper and C-type mineral mining, such as white tin, quartz sand, white clay (kaolin), and granite stones, but this island has a super beautiful beach beauty. The beaches on Belitung Island are characterized by granite granite, soft sand as white as snow, and super clear blue sea water.

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Tanjung Bira

South Sulawesi

Tanjung Bira is located in Bulukumba District. The distance from Makassar is about 200 km or is at the southernmost tip of mainland of South Sulawesi. Tanjung Bira is known for its powdery white sand. Underwater nature is also not less beautiful when compared with other places. The view at dusk is also not less beautiful. The gradations of sky color and the dim sunlight there are able to make tourists lulled.

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Pandai Pandawa

Bali

Pandawa Beach is one of the secluded beaches in Bali and has the nickname The Secret Beach. Located in Kutuh Village, south of Bali, this beach is hidden behind tall cliffs and bushes. Called the secret beach because the road to get to this beach is relatively difficult to access.

Pandawa Beach has snow-white sand and crystal clear sea water. Here, you will be spoiled by water sports like canoes and paragliding. You can also swim in the clear sea water. If you come here in March, you can enjoy a cultural parade held by Hindus and Buddhists.

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Tomini Bay

North Sulawesi

Tomini Bay is located in North Sulawesi. Because of its location not far from the equator or equator, this beach becomes a great place to enjoy relaxing time by way of sunbathing. In the morning, you can enjoy the sunrise then see the fishermen who come home from sailing. You can also do diving to see the diversity of marine biota is still natural. Around there are also many restaurants that provide fresh seafood dishes.

Beaches